Storočnica Jána Kadára

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Lies My Father Told Me

Lies My Father Told Me; Ján Kadár, 1975, OV (ang., fran., hebr.) + eST (cz) ; Ján Kadár, 1975, versions: CS

Ted Allan’s short story “Lies My Father Told Me” is a classic of 1940s Canadian literature, living on in the of new editions, radio plays and television adaptations. At the beginning of the 1970s, young producer Harry Gulkin decided to use the timeless tale as a basis for a Canadian cinematic milestone. The result involved a substantial reworking of the original story. Ted Allan’s work was inspired by nostalgic memories of his contradictory love for his businessman father, who lived in a world of unsuccessful inventions. Kadár transformed this originally sentimental memoir into a film about the universality of childhood, that paradise lost that isn't always a paradise, but nonetheless can never be replaced. With its warmly funny memories of growing up in a Russian-Jewish immigrant family living on the outskirts of early-twentieth-century Montreal, the film may evoke comparisons to Fellini's "Amarcord", where the filmmaker reflects on his childhood in Rimini. “Lies My Father Told Me” won the Golden Globe for Best Foreign Film and earned actor Jeffrey Lynas a nomination as best debut actor, while Ted Allan received an Oscar nomination for Best Original Screenplay. Legend:
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2D CS 12
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Lies

Lies; Jonathan Reid, Peter Walsh, 1976, OV (angl.); Jonathan Reid, Peter Walsh, 1976, versions: OR

Filmed on the set of director Ján Kadár’s touching, acclaimed feature film “Lies My Father Told Me”, “Lies” thrusts the viewer directly into the creative process of dramatic moviemaking. Along with Kadár, whose “The Shop On Main Street” won an Academy Award for Best Foreign Film, we experience first-hand the frustrations and joys of rehearsal and shooting. We watch, without the usual intermediary narrator, as Kadár works tirelessly with his team of actors, writer, producer, cinematographer, technicians and assistants on several emotionally charged scenes. Kadár builds each one “brick by brick”; then we see the elements come together in the finished product. Interviews with the filmmakers are interwoven with on-set footage, giving us fresh insights into how a dramatic movie is made. Show more

DVD/BD OR 12
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Catherine + short film: Life grows on ruins

Katka; Ján Kadár, 1949, OV (sk) ; Ján Kadár, 1949, versions: OR

A comedy about a young country girl and her new life experiences in a large factory. She is gradually getting used to her new working environment with new colleagues. The naive country girl grows up into a young woman with new ideals. Show more

2D OR 7
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Kidnapped | Storočnica Jána Kadára

Únos; Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1952, OV (cz); Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1952, versions: OR

Expert engineer Prokop and deputy Horvát can't reach an agreement over the plans for the forthcoming construction works in the big industrial plant in Ostrava. Their disagreement should be solved at the Ministry and they both fly to Prague for this reason. At this time, Prokop's assistant Šimáček gets arrested. Nobody suspected that he was an American spy. The plane is filled with people. Only two crew members, Grábner and Král, and three passengers - Grábner's wife, Řezníček and Rychman, know that the plane won't land in Prague. Hijackers are taking over the plane and landing it at the American army airport near Munich. The American officials soon realize that most of the passengers won't ask for asylum but want to go back to their country. The original plan was to seize the plane with different passengers, but the arrested Šimáček didn't pick up the tickets and they were finally put back on sale. Engineer Prokop refuses to collaborate with the American spies. The valuable industrial plans are destroyed in secret by his fellow-travellers. Deputy Horvat also refuses to betray his country. He manages to escape after an interrogation and, with the help of German anti-fascists and the Czechoslovak consul, manages to get the kidnapped Czechoslovak citizens back to their country. Show more

2D OR 12
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Music from Mars

Hudba z Marsu; Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1955, OV (cz); Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1955, versions: OR

Étude based on the screenplay of the film with the same title (directed by Ján Kadár and Elmar Klos, 1952). Hanka has a quarrel with Josef and he pushes her into a cupboard, locks her there, and continues with the fight. The man who comes into the room with a helicon thinks that Josef, who is talking to the closed cupboard door, is not quite sane. After Josef leaves, the man understands everything and lets Hanka out. Show more

2D OR 12
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At the Terminus

Tam na konečné; Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1957, OV (cz); Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1957, versions: OR

Tenants of the house Na Smyčce, next to the tram terminal, are living their everyday lives. The student Olina is becoming close with Martinec, who recently started subletting at the Kovandas, a childless married couple. An old lady, Mrs Malá, is looking after little Hanička after her daughter's death, for the girl's father is a drunk, incapable of looking after the child. Maruna, whose husband is in prison, is reserved and not very friendly. Olina is happy with Martinec until she becomes pregnant. Then it becomes clear that Martinec is a superficial man, trying to persuade Olina that she should have an abortion. But she comes to her senses at the last moment and decides to become a single mother. Martinec moves out. Mrs Malá dies suddenly. The Kovanda couple gladly takes Hanička to live with them. They have to let her stay with her father Pešta for a short while. But after he loses her Hanička comes back to the Kovandas. On New Year's Eve, tenants are wishing each others all the best. Olina spends the evening with the deserted Maruna. Around midnight, Pešta brings Hanička a doll he promised her long ago. But the stop has been moved, and Pešta has to take a tram back. Through the frosty window of the tram he looks at the house Na Smyčce in which people live in joy and in sorrow. Show more

2D OR 15
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Three Wishes

Tři přání; Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1958, versions: OR : ces

Lawyer Petr Holeček often has disputes with his wife Věra. They both have low salaries and forever struggle with a lack of money. After all, Věra loves to dress up! One day, Petr gives a seat to a tiny old man who, in return for this kindness, offers him a little silver bell which will fulfil three wishes. The first two wishes, which the suspicious Petr makes just to test the bell, are fulfilled. Petr's third wish is a peaceful life with Věra. And so the magic bell arranges a new apartment, modern furniture, car and a promotion at work. Ill-tempered Petr has a quarrel with the secretary and his manager sends him on health-leave. Petr and Věra rest by the lake Máchovo and, in the evenings, watch fashion shows on TV with their friends. Petr's friend Karel joins a competition with an improved design which could markedly lower the price of the dress model on show. He also says something about the necessity to save in the right places. The next day they want to kick him out of the establishment. Petr wants to help Karel so he calls the old man once more. The old man promises to help but on one condition: Peter must speak up for his friend in public and run the risk of losing everything he got by magic. The old man vanishes, however, the small silver bell remains on the table. With rapt attention, the family follows how Peter will make up his mind... Show more

2D OR 12
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Death Is Called Engelchen + short film: They are personally responsible : for crimes against humanit

Smrt si říká Engelchen; Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1963, OV (cz); Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1963, versions: OR

This psychological drama was adapted for the screen in 1963 by co-writer-directors Elmar Klos and Ján Kadár. It is based on a 1959 autobiographical novel by Slovak author Ladislav Mňačko. The project overshadowed a previous 1960 Slovak television adaptation directed by Ivan Balaďa, and starring Ivan Mistrík. Set at the end of World War II, young partisan Pavel (Jan Kačer) is seriously injured. While lying in hospital, he thinks back over the preceding months of drama and turmoil. Kačer offers a convincing performance, adding dimensions of self-doubt and guilt to the ostensibly heroic fighter. Much of Pavel’s guilt stems from the fact that a SS unit headed by Nazi officer Engelchen has liquidated the inhabitants of two mountain villages for helping partisan forces. The film explores a number of complex moral questions, not just through the eyes of Pavel, but also through his love interest Marta (Eva Poláková). Show more

2D OR 15
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Lecture by Marie Valtrová

Filmová historie, která je základem mého ohlédnutí, má dva opěrné body, o nichž bylo už mnohé řečeno, ale k nimž se s potěšením vracím. A těmi jsou dvě osobnosti: režisér Ján Kadár (1918 – 1979) a scenárista Vratislav Blažek (1925 – 1973). Blažek byl poválečným českým dramatikem, jehož hry Král nerad hovězí (1947) a Kde je Kuťák? (1948) uvedlo s úspěchem, ale také s poněkud problematickým koncem Divadlo satiry. Blažek se totiž stal prvním zakázaným autorem nové éry, směřující „k lepším zítřkům“. Ale protože všechno souvisí se vším, měl jako rozený hráč při vší smůle štěstí a byl přizván ke spolupráci s tvůrčí skupinou Elmara Klose. Mezi filmaři poznal Bořivoje Zemana, Miloše Makovce a především Jána Kadára. Pro Blažka tak nastal čas, kdy mohl uplatnit nejen svébytný smysl pro humor, ale i svébytnou poetiku, s níž psal divadelní i rozhlasové hry a později i filmové scénáře. Jedním z atributů jeho díla byly „zázraky“ a „nadpřirozené postavy“, které se objevovaly v jeho hrách opakovaně – od Kuťáka přes Tři přání až po poslední hru Gabriel, uvedenou německou televizí několik dní po jeho smrti. Jako „pohádky pro dospělé“ lze do jisté míry označit všechny tři filmy, o nichž bude v mém referátu řeč a na kterých Blažek spolupracoval s Jánem Kadárem a Elmarem Klosem: Katka, Hudba z Marsu a Tři přání. Dalším Blažkovým charakteristickým rysem byla neslábnoucí vazba na divadlo – konkrétně Divadlo satiry a Městská divadla pražská, jak doložím. V závěru se s vámi podělím o vzpomínky dcery Vratislava Blažka, Hany T. Semerad, která žije v Kanadě a s Jánem Kadárem, jehož znala od dětství, pracovala v Montrealu jako asistentka při natáčení filmu Co mi otec nalhal (1975). Co znamenal pro Vratislava Blažka Ján Kadár a pro Jána Kadára Vratislav Blažek lze vyčíst nejlépe z jejich vlastních slov. Emigrace je rozdělila i spojila. Jejich dílo zůstalo.
Marie Valtrová Marie Valtrová (1949) absolvovala divadelnú a filmovú vedu na FFUK. V roku 1998 vydala knižku Vratislav Blažek – hráč před Bohem a lidmi, v ktorej predstavuje Blažka ako dramatika, scenáristu, kresliara a umelca s neprekonateľným darom humoru. Show more

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Defendand

Obžalovaný; Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1964, OV (cz); Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1964, versions: OR

In the first half of the 1960s, Ján Kadár and Elmar Klos made their socially most significant cinematic works. These included the WWII dramas Smrt si říká Engelchen (Death Is Called Engelchen) and Obchod na korze (The Shop on Main Street) as well as Obžalovaný, a psychological drama set in the period the film was made. The two directors recast the socialism-building dimension of the original novel by Lenka Hašková into a disturbing testimony on the reality of socialism – which in 1969 was irrevocably doomed to end under the censor’s lock and key. The protagonist of this story set in a courtroom is Kudrna, a hard-working honourable director of a hydroelectric power station. Under pressure from his superiors, he has made the greatest possible effort to put the new hydro plant into operation as soon as possible. His subordinates, however, have taken this as an opportunity to steal assets, resulting in one employee hanging himself. The innocent Kudrna’s trial reveals the abuse of law and how the ruling party and the justice system are interwoven... Shining in the title role of this excellently conceived film is the then not very well known Slovak actor Vlado Müller. Kudrna’s lawyer is performed by the emerging Jiří Menzel and the public prosecutor is played by an excelling Miroslav Macháček. Show more

2D OR 15
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The Shop on Main Street + They are personally responsible : for treason of the national uprising!

Obchod na korze; Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1965, versions: SV , OR : slk

Slovakia during WW2. Tono lives a poor life, but the authorities offer him to take over the Jewish widow Lautman's little shop for sewing material. She is old and confused and thinks that he is only looking for employment and hires him. The odd couple begin to like each other. But some time later the authorities decide that the Jews must leave the city. What should he do with the old lady? (source: imdb) Show more

2D SV OR 12
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Desire Named Anada

Touha zvaná Anada; Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1969, OV (sk) ; Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos, 1969, versions: OR

After the Oscar-winning Obchod na korze (The Shop on Main Street, 1965), directors Ján Kadár and Elmar Klos made only one more film together, a poetic romance set in the Slovak-Hungarian borderlands in the 1920s. Touha zvaná Anada (Desire Named Anada, 1971) was a Czech-American coproduction that presaged Ján Kadár’s emigration to the USA. The story, inspired by a novella by the Hungarian writer Imre Gyöngyössy, takes place in an attractive and intimate setting on the banks of the River Danube. One day, the river washes up a half-drowned girl who is taken into the care of the fisherman Jánoš Gabay and his spouse Zuzka. Soon Jánoš begins to fall in love with the mysterious stranger… An enigmatic drama of cause and effect, the film combines a poetic narrative about a love triangle with a morality tale about passion and responsibility. Yugoslavians Rade Markovič (Jánoš) and Milena Dravić (Zuzka) played the leading pair alongside American actress Paula Pritchett as Anada. Show more

2D OR 15
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The Angel Levine

The Angel Levine; Ján Kadár, 1970, OV (angl.) + ST (cz) ; Ján Kadár, 1970, versions: CS

Morris Mishkin is a elderly religious Jew in New York. His wife Fanny is very ill. He's a tailor, but he can't work because his back has given out. He doesn't even have enough money for Fanny's medicine. Finally, a black fellow appears from nowhere in the Mishkin kitchen. He says he's an angel from God, sent to help Mishkin. The black angel is even Jewish, named Alex Levine? But will Morris believe in the angel? And can the angel perform the miracle that he promises? Show more

DVD/BD CS 12
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